Rising global temperatures could potentially reduce coffee-producing areas by 2050.
Cocoa beans need a lot of moisture with high temperatures. Indonesia and African countries, responsible for two-thirds of the world’s cocoa exports, have started growing other more reliable crops, such as palm and rubber, instead of cocoa.
Temperatures are expected to rise by another two degrees in Ghana and Ivory Coast over a 40-year period. As a result, the availability of cheap chocolate will certainly be eliminated.
Cacao plants occupy an-unwarrantable position on the globe. They can only grow within a narrow strip of rain forested land roughly 20 degrees north and south of the equator, where temperature, rain, and humidity all stay relatively constant throughout the year. Over half of the world’s chocolate comes from just two countries in West Africa — Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. But those areas won’t be suitable for chocolate in the next few years.
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. By 2050, rise in temperatures will push today’s chocolate-growing regions more than 1,000 feet uphill into mountainous terrain much of which is currently preserved for wildlife.